In this unit
- Learn about the group prayer
- Salat al-Jama’ah
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The group prayer is better than the individual prayer by 27 degrees.”
That means, if you do your salah with a group of people, it will be 27 times better than doing it by yourself.
Imagine, Allah is so merciful that He allows you to get the reward of 27 prayers for your one prayer, only if you pray with a group of Muslims. That is why salat al-jama’ah is sunnah mu’akkadah (a sunnah that the Prophet rarely left out). That means, whenever we can, we should pray in jama’ah (group). Don’t miss this chance to get lots of extra reward.
The Niyyah for Group Prayer
When you make Niyyah for Zuhr prayer, for example, you say
“I intend to pray obligatory Zuhur prayer.”
نَوَيتُ أن أُصَلِّي صَلاةَ الظُهرِ فَرضاً عَلَيَّ
When you pray behind an Imam you must add something more to your Niyyah. Say,
Who Can Be the Imam?
- A free person can pray behind a slave
- An adult can pray behind a young person who is almost an adult (Baligh)
- A woman can pray behind a woman
Who cannot be the Imam?
- A man cannot pray behind a woman
- A person who can recite Qur’an properly cannot pray behind someone who cannot read the Qur’an properly
- An adult cannot pray behind a child
NOTE: When we say “pray behind” we mean that a person follows behind the imam in a group prayer.
Praying in Jama’ah in a Masjid
You can stand anywhere in the masjid to follow the imam in prayer. You do not have to be in the same hall where the imam is standing. For example, if the imam is downstairs, you can be standing upstairs. But you have to be able to follow along with what the imam is doing and you must not stand ahead of the imam.
If the imam is praying in the masjid and you are praying outside the masjid, you can do that if:
- You are able to follow along with what the imam is doing (meaning you know what he is saying and when he is moving)
- There is no wall or closed door between you and the imam.
How to Perform Sujud al-Sahw
In the last sitting, immediately before you say your first “assalamu alaikum”, you should make two sajdahs and sit between the two sajdahs. After the second sajdah, you can say the two “assalamu alaikum”. If you forget to makevsujud al-sahw, then you do not need to do anything else because sujud al-sahw is only sunnah.
Try answering this quiz once you’re confident with your knowledge of this unit
3.2.12 Quiz: Group Prayer
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Question 1 of 10
1. Question1 points
Is it better to pray by yourself or in a group?
Question 2 of 10
2. Question1 points
Praying _______ is better than praying _______ by ___ degrees:
Question 3 of 10
3. Question1 points
What is the Niyyah for praying behind an Imam in group prayer?
Question 4 of 10
4. Question1 points
It is ______ to pray in Jama’ah:
Question 5 of 10
5. Question1 points
A man can pray behind a woman in prayer:
Question 6 of 10
6. Question1 points
A woman can pray behind a boy who is almost Baligh:
Question 7 of 10
7. Question1 points
An adult can pray behind a boy who is almost baligh:
Question 8 of 10
8. Question1 points
A woman can pray behind a woman:
Question 9 of 10
9. Question1 points
A person who can recite Quran properly can pray behind a person who can recite Quran properly
Question 10 of 10
10. Question1 points
If a man is praying outside the Masjid and the Imam is praying inside, the man: