What is a Miracle?
Amu’jizah, which is called a miracle, in English is something supernatural that only Prophets of Allah can do. In order for an act to be a miracle, it has to fulfill these conditions:
1. It goes against the laws of nature,
2. Only a Prophet can do it
3. It is proof that he is really a Prophet because only Allah can break the laws of nature. Thus, the miracle shows that the Prophet was sent by Allah.
4. No one can challenge it (meaning no one other than a Prophet of Allah can do the same thing)
5. A Prophet can perform the miracle at any time.
Allah gives his Prophets miracles so that people can have proof that the Prophet was really sent by Allah and he is not just deceiving them.
Other forms of miracles:
Sometimes, people other than Prophets do amazing things, but they are mu’jizahs. When a false prophet does something amazing, it will usually give a bad result.
Some pious people have miracles but those miracles aren’t in their control. Instead, it just happens to them. Examples of this are Imam al-Nawawi’s path being miraculously lighted up at night, the Throne shaking at the death of Sa’ad ibn Mu’adh, etc.
Differences between Sihr, Magic, and Miracles
Sihris black magic that is performed with the help of the jinn. It results in making people sick, harming relationships, and even possibly killing a person. It is evil and haram to perform sihr.
Magic is sleight of hand used by a magician and just appears as a magical act when in reality it is only a trick.
Difference between Sihr and miracles
1. Sorcery is a science that can be learned, while miracles cannot be learned.
2. Sorcery is done through the use of jinn.
3. Learning sorcery is forbidden.
Miracles of some Prophets:
Mu’jizahs usually occur in the field that is prominent at the time of that Prophet. Here are some examples:
Miracles of Prophet Muhammad
The Qur’anis the greatest miracle of all times. No one has ever been able to or ever will be able to copy even one chapter of the Qur’an. Muslims don’t get bored of it even if they read it over and over again. It has scientific knowledge that only became known hundreds of years later. It also predicts historical facts with accuracy and tells stories of past generations that our Prophet did not know about.
The Prophet Muhammad had many other miracles as well. Some of those are:
a. Water came from within his fingers during his travel with his companions. They drank and made wudhu, and a lot still remained. This story has occurred several times (Bukhari)
b. He split the moon in half
c. He had a night journey to Jerusalem and then to the seventh sky and beyond which all happened in just one night – in a time when the fastest form of travel was a horse.
d. In the Hereafter, he will have a Pool which people drink from and never become thirsty again.
e. He will intercede on behalf of Muslims, meaning he will ask Allah to start the Day of Judgment and to enter Muslims into Paradise.
Sometimes Muslims get excited and quote incorrect “scientific” evidence to support a miracle. This is not a good idea because Islam proves science, science does not prove Islam. Often, “scientific” evidence changes over time and then it makes it seem like Islam was wrong since it was based on wrong science.
Other times, Muslims get shy of miracles because non-believers make fun of them and say there is no proof for what they believe in. A Muslim must confidently recognize that Allah created the universe and He made laws for it. Allah is not bound by those laws and He breaks them when He wills. A person’s self-esteem and confidence in his faith cannot be based on what others think of him, else when others don’t approve of him, his confidence will crumble. Worksheet