Monday , 23 September 2019

3.2.9 Correcting Mistakes in Prayer

In this Unit:

  • If you miss a rukn, you have to make it up.
  • If you miss ab’aad, you should perform sujud sahw to correct your mistake.
  • There is nothing to do for missing a hay’ah.

Keywords

  • Sujud Sahw
  • Ab’aad
  • Hay’ah/Hay’at
What do you do if you made a mistake in your prayer? The answer is: it depends on what mistake you made.

Remember, in your prayer, some acts are fard, some acts are ab’aad, and some are hay’ah. Can you name some acts of prayer that fall into each of those 3 categories?

A Mistake in a Rukn of Prayer

A Mistake in a Rukn of Prayer

Review Unit 3.2.7 to refresh your memory about the arkan of prayer.
If you make a mistake in one of the 13 arkan of prayer, then sujud al-sawh is not enough to fix the problem. Here is what you must do.

1) If you remember the mistake before you get to the same part in the next rakat: just stop what you are doing, go back to where your mistake was and correct your mistake.

For example, you forget to make ruku, then you remember it while you are making sajdah. You must:

1. Stop making sajdah
2. Stand up straight,
3. Make ruku,
4. Make sajdah
5. At the end of the prayer, make 2 sujud al-sahw right before you say assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah.

The diagram below will help you see what steps you must take in order to fix the above mistake.

3.2.9 pic1

2) If you remember the mistake after you get to the same part in the next rakat: it is as if you did not pray the first rakat. Pray one extra rakat in place of the rakat you made a mistake in.

In both cases, you must ALSO make sujud al-sahw at the end of your prayer.

Don’t forget: if you miss a rukn, you must do TWO things:
1) Make it up
2) Make sujud al-sahw

If all that seems confusing, don’t worry. The teacher will practice with you until you get it. Prayer is the most important thing we do in our whole life. Learning to do it right is also very important. We want all of our prayers to be accepted by Allah.

A Mistake in the Ab’aad of Prayer

A Mistake in the Ab’aad of Prayer

Review Unit 3.2.8 to refresh your memory about the ab’aad of prayer. If you make a mistake in one of the ab’aad of prayer, here is what you do.

1) If you started the next fard act, just leave the ab’aad without doing anything about it. The only thing you need to do is make sujud al-sahw!

2) If you have not moved on to a fard, then fix the mistake you made in the ab’aad.

A Mistake in a Hay’ah of Prayer

A Mistake in a Hay’ah of Prayer

Review Unit 3.2.8 to refresh your memory about the hay’ahs of prayer. If you make a mistake in a hay’ah, don’t do anything about it and don’t make sujud al-sahw.

A Mistake in the Number of Rakat You Prayed

A Mistake in the Number of Rakat You Prayed

Have you ever forgotten how many rakat you already prayed? After sajdah you ask yourself, “Hmm… is this my third rakat or my fourth?” If that ever happens to you, here is what you do: Go with what you are sure of – and that is the smaller number.

Here’s what I mean. You know for sure you prayed 3 rakat. But you’re not sure if you prayed the fourth rakat. So you must go with what you are sure of and assume you only prayed 3 rakat. Now pray one more rakat; then do sujud al-sahw in case you prayed too many rakat without realizing it.

Don’t forget: if you don’t know how many rakat you prayed:
1) Assume you prayed the lesser number of rakat, so pray an extra rakat,
2) Make sujud al-sahw at the end of your prayer

How to perform Sujud Al-Sahw

You make sujud al-sahw for any mistakes you made in prayer. It helps wipe out some of those mistakes.

In the last sitting, immediately before you say the first “assalamu alaikum”, you should make two sajdahs and sit between the two sajdahs. After the second sajdah, say “assalamu alaikum” twice to end the prayer.

If you forget to make sujud al-sahw, then you do not need to do anything else because
sujud al-sahw is only sunnah.

3.2.9 pic2

Worksheet

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